The archive of the RREHC was founded in 1992. It is the only place in the Russian Federation which has a vast collection of documents and personal belongings relating to the history of the Holocaust and the Jewish Resistance during the Great Patriotic War. As a result of the RREHC’s constant research, new objects and documents are regularly added to the archive. Personal donations also contribute to the expansion of the collection. Currently, the archive consists of 48 different collections. Most of its content come from the United States, Israel, the countries of the former USSR and a series of other European states. About 6 000 publications are listed in the table of contents. In total, the archive counts more than 15 000 documents, objects and books. Its structure is made up of the following subsections:
- personal belongings
- collections provided by other organizations
- collections subcategorized by subject
- family collections
The organisation of personal funds
The organization of personal funds is determined by the scale of personality of the fund creator, as well as an array of other sources. If the set of documents relating to one source creator consists of three or more types of sources, these materials are given a separate personal status. Among the sources are 33 fund papers of participants of the Second World War, Jews, guerrillas, on underground resistance, the former ghettos, and Holocaust historians. The sources are, among others, by D.I. Ortenberg - Major General, Chief Editor of "Red Star" during World War II, V.J. Petrenko - Hero of the Soviet Union, the lieutenant-general commanding the division that liberated Auschwitz, E.G. Elisavetskiy - the first commandant of the liberation of Auschwitz, I.S. Feffer - a Jewish poet, one of the leaders of the Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee, and F.D. Sverdlov – professor and author of books on the history of the participation of Jews in World War II.
A separate section is composed of books and periodicals, which include personal funds and collections. Among others a separate collection of selected rare books published during the war and early postwar years exists as well as a separate collection of selected audio and video clips about the Holocaust and Jewish resistance.
The survey provides a brief description of three groups of funds:
1) The funds of organizations
2) Thematic collections
3) Personal and family funds.
A description includes the following elements:
- The name of the fund;
- The archives room facility inventory (№ of inventory marks the presence of an inventory of primary disassembly), the total number contained in storage units, and their basic data.
- A brief biographical sketch of the fund creator or the name of the structural parts of collections.
- A summary of the contents in the fund documents indicating the data.
- A summary of the most valuable and / or common documents.
- Information about the languages (apart from Russian).
If a fund (the collection) is replenished, the information provided about the number of storage units and extreme dates marks such funds and the collection with a special symbol (*). An updated electronic version of the handbook is planned to be published annually.
March -2011.News from the Archival Department
1. The Rubinstein fund has been expanded.
2. Following Leonid Terushkins participation in the conference «The past and the present of Jewish communities in the Volga region and in Central Russia», our center is pleased to announce the receipt of new archival material from Nishni-Novgorod. The new additions include many personal letters and diaries.
3. Following Leonid Terushkins participation in the conference «Aspects of Jewish education and community life in the Balitc states before WW2», our center is pleased to announce the receipt of new archival material from Latvia. The new additions comprise personal letters of soldiers of the Latvian army, photos and maps of the pre-war time.
4. The Center is pleased to announce the addition of Evgeny Lifshitz's memoirs to our archiv.
April - 2011 has been another busy month for
the Center's archive. A series of interviews with evacuees and survivors
of the Holocaust have been recorded. Among these interviewees is Mrs
Galakhova, who also donated letters of her father to the archive, of
whom some letters had already been included in the Center’s
Russian-language publication “Save my letters” (2010). Moreover, new
photos, personal memories and letters have been added to the archive
(with the families Roitman, Bylinin and Rabinovich being the most
significant contributors). Finally, the trips to Tomsk and St.
Petersburg of Leonid Terushkin (head of the archiv) have been highly
beneficial thanks to the new additions coming from the family archives
of Tseitlin and Gorelik.