International Conference “The evidence of War: perspectives and cross-examination and trans-disciplinary” in Caen (France): Memorial and Center of the humanitarian research University.22 2013
May 22nd, 2013
May 21-22nd, 2013.
Continuing the two thematic days devoted to the study of personal documents (23rd
of October, 2012 and 26th of March, 2013), this international
conference presented the variety of methodological and disciplinary approaches
to the study of the issue: from
classical interdisciplinary to the principles of trans-disciplinary research.
The ground was set for a clash of opinions and constructive, mutually enriching
discussions between researches in different fields of acquiring knowledge, but also
general topic of documentary memorials and memories of the Second World War.
The head of the Archive at the Russian
Holocaust Center Leonid Terushkin spoke on the topic of “Letters and diaries of
Soviet Jewish soldiers during the Second World War: search, study, use”.
Evidence of the Holocaust in the USSR. International colloquium in Paris on May 16-17th, 2013.16 2013
May 16th, 2013
Employees of the Russian Holocaust
Center Leonid Terushkin and Kiril Feferman, along with other scientists from
France, Israel, USA, Great Britain, Ukraine and other countries, participated
in the international two-days colloquium “Evidence of the Holocaust in the USSR”
in Paris, Center Mahler on May 16th.
The head of the Archive Leonid Terushkin took part in the discussion
within the Round table “Overage and flaws of archives”; the topic of the head
of the scientific department Kiril Feferman was “Holocaust as the second Civil
War in Russia”. His presentation was a part of the following meeting “Plexus of
violence et difficulty of remembering”.
In the program of the colloquium it
says: “Literature of the evidence that was created in the USSR and for a long
time censored is very poorly studied in the post-soviet territories as well as
in the rest of the world. Unlike Western literature that reminds us of remote
extermination camps, these works tell us about the genocide that occurred in
close proximity - to the view and on hearing of countless witnesses. Could not
they testify, or just did not want to? Colloquium will give the opportunity to
hear the voices that in the Soviet Union, often in danger or desperation, were
raised against forgetting, and identify the reasons of their deafening silence.
To think about the status of the text, image, archive and the specialty of a
witness in the USSR. This switch to the East uses the literary paradigms of
testimony in a form that was implemented in Western literature of the XX
was supported by: Mémorial de
la Shoah, Fondation pour la Mémoire de
la Shoah, Archives Nationales, Centre franco-russe de recherches en
sciences humaines de Moscou, Université Paris 1, Université Paris 7,
Université Paris 10.
Seminar in Berlin 11 2013
May 11th, 2013
On May 5th Russian teachers gathered in Berlin. A seminar continued at the famous House of the Wannsee Conference. Deputy director of the Museum and the head of its educational programs Dr. Wolf Kaiser, one of Europe’s leading teachers on the Holocaust, read the lectures on the history of Jews in Germany, the establishment of the Nazi dictatorship, and conducted the seminar, dedicated to anti-Semitism and racism. Dr. Kristof Kroitzmuller convincingly demonstrated the use of images as sources for the history of the Holocaust. Ingrid Damerow and a volunteer of the House of the Wannsee Conference and a former employee of the Russian Holocaust Center Tatyana Manykina gave the tour around Museum.
In the evening of May 8th they watched a new exhibition (that opened on April 24th) about the Great Patriotic War and the Nazi occupation regime (including the chapter on Holocaust) at the Russian-German Museum in Karlshorst. At 10 pm, in the hall, where the document on the full and unconditional surrender of Nazi Germany was signed, the memorial ceremony was held with the participation of the Russian ambassador to Germany. On the Victory Day the participants laid flowers in Treptow Park at the monument depicting a Soviet soldier holding a girl in his arms, and in the evening the travelers visited the Reichstag building. The seminar ended with a visit to the memorial complex “Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp” and to the memorial at the Grunewald trains station, from where the trains left with deported Jews. The results of the seminar were summarized in a productive discussion with German colleagues
Moscow-Warsaw. Open video-seminar “Destruction of the European Jews during the uprising in the Warsaw ghetto in 1943 – Russian and Polish attitude” April 26th, 201326 2013
April 26th, 2013
On April 26th the open
seminar “Destruction of the European Jews during the uprising in the Warsaw
ghetto in 1943 – Russian and Polish attitude” took place at the University of
Warsaw. Moderator of the discussion,
former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Poland, Professor Adam Rotfeld took a
very deliberate analysis of the historiography on the subject and prospects of
cooperation between Russian and Polish scientists to study the history of the
Holocaust. Professor Andzej Zbykovsky, a participant of many conferences of the
Russian Holocaust Center, conducted the analysis of the major stages of the
uprising and its memorialization. Claimed as the keynote speaker co-chairman of
the Russian Holocaust Center Ilya Altman presented his project from Moscow
within the videoconference. He focused on the responses in the Soviet press on
the murder of the Polish Jews and the uprising in the Warsaw ghetto,
prohibition to publish thematic books in the USSR in the 1960s. Ilya Altman
also looked into the interpretation of the role of Poles in helping the rebels
and butchers in L. Mlechin’s new movie “Uprising-43”. The seminar was conducted
within the academic project of public discourse Russia-Poland.
The representative of the Russian Holocaust Center took part in the international conference in Warsaw dedicated to the 70th anniversary of the uprising in the Warsaw ghetto23 2013
April 23rd, 2013
On April 22-23rd in Warsaw
the international conference dedicated to the 70th anniversary of
the uprising in the Warsaw ghetto took place. The conference was organized by
leading Polish scientific institutions in the filed: Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute, the
Center for the Holocaust Studies at the Polish Academy of Sciences and
Institute of the Remembrance. The fact that the conference was conducted under
Polish president’s patronage attests to its importance.
Among the speakers were famous
historians such as Dan Michman (Yad Vashem and Bar-Ilan University), Michael
Marrus (University of Toronto) and Yan Grabovsky (University of Ottawa). Dr.
Kiril Feferman, who gave a lecture on “Soviet partisans’ attitude towards Jews
and the Holocaust”, represented the Russian Holocaust Center.
Seminar of the Russian teachers at Yad Vashem10 2013
(April 2-10) seminar for teachers of Russian educational institutions completed
in the Yad Vashem International School for Holocaust. 24 representatives from
more than 20 cities and regions of Russia took part in the spring seminar.
Russian teachers participated in mourning events in Yad Vashem, dedicated to
the 70th anniversary of the rebellion in the Warsaw ghetto, and
attended the familiarization tour around Israel.
Moscow. Exhibition “Power of the Civil Society: The fate of the Bulgarian Jews”.28 2013
of March, Moscow. The exhibition “Power of the Civil Society: The fate of the
Bulgarian Jews” opened in the Holocaust Museum in the Memorial synagogue at the
RJC on Poklonnaya Gora.
It was dedicated to their rescue during the Holocaust
with active support of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church. For this act of bravery
the Church was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 2013.The Bulgarian
ambassador to Russia Boyko Kotzev opened exhibition. Alla Gerber (Member of the
Open Chamber of the Russian Federation), Anatoly Shein (Deputy of the State Duma
of the Russian Federation), Beni Briskin (RJC director), and Efim Gologorsky (Head
of the international Union of former ghetto prisoners) spoke at the
presentation of the exhibition, conducted by Ilya Altman. There were greetings
read out from the Israeli ambassador to Russia Dorit Golender and the Chief
Rabbi of Russia Berl Lazar.
Session of the Club “Unknown Holocaust”: ‘Was Nikita Khrushchev an anti-Semite?”22 2013
meeting of the Club “Unknown Holocaust” took place on March 21st. An author of many works on history of state anti-Semitism,
a leading researcher of the Institute of Russian History, a board member of the
Russian Holocaust Center Dr. Gennadi Kostyrchenko delivered the lecture “Was Nikita
Khrushchev an anti-Semite?” This was also the first presentation of the
author’s new book “Khrushchev’s secret politics. Power, intelligentsia, Jewish
issue” (Moscow: “International Relations”, 2012).
lecturer built his presentation on the comparison of anti-Jewish statements and
actions of Stalin and Khrushchev. While recognizing pragmatic nature of
Stalin’s attitude toward the Jewish and Israel, Dr. Kostyrhcenko also
highlighted Khrushchev’s impulsiveness and anti-Semitism.
In memory of Marina Solodkina17 2013
March 17th, 2013
Marina Solodkina, the member of the Knesset of several terms, a great friend of the Russian Holocaust Center, recently passed away. It happened during the anti-Nazi conference that took place in Riga. Marina was slightly more than 60 years old…
She was a daughter of the former prisoner of the Hmelniksky ghetto (Ukraine), a partisan and soldier of the Great Patriotic War, a representative of the “second generation” – children, who survived Shoah. Till very last minutes she remained the guardian of family roots (she planned to work on the book about her late father’s memories), devoted to the preservation of the Holocaust victims and heroes of opposition. She constantly kept in touch with the members of Hmelniksky Landsmannschaft in Israel – former prisoners of the ghetto, took part in mourning ceremonies, dedicated to anniversaries of murders of the Jewish people.
We often used to meet in Moscow, her hometown, and in Israel. Last time – in Yad Vashem last summer during the conference dedicated to Raoul Wallenberg. We discussed how to perpetuate the “Righteous among the Nations” in Israel and Russia – Marina Solodkina initiated the Knesset Law on the introduction of the Righteous Day on August 12th, Raoul Wallenberg’s birthday and the meeting of the Knesset, dedicated to his 100th birthday.
Ilya Altman, Gregory Reikhman
New documents and facts about Chiune Sugihara12 2013
A Round table named “Chiune
Sugihara and the USSR: New documents, facts, hypothesis” took place in Moscow
on March 12th at the Holocaust Museum in the Memorial synagogue at
the RJC on Poklonnaya Gora. Co-chairman of the Russian Holocaust Center Ilya Altman and Professor David Wolf
(University of Hokkaido, Japan) presented their works on the life and deeds of
one of the most famous Righteous of the Nations, whose significant part of life
was directly and indirectly connected with the USSR. It was the second meeting
(the first one took place in Helsinki on February 23rd, 2013) of
Russian and Japanese historians and archivists within the project of the Russian Holocaust Center and University of Rikkyo
(Tokyo). It covered the preparation of the documentary edition about a famous
Japanese diplomat and the circumstances of the Jewish refugees’ transit through
the USSR in 1940-1941s.
The Historical and diplomatic
department of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, with which assistance
unique documents from the Archive of the Russian Foreign Policy were obtained,
supported the project. These documents allow us to clarify the dates of Chiune
Sugihara’s work in the Japanese Consulate in Petropavlovsk-on-Kamchatka in
1936; the reasons for a denial to obtain the Soviet visa in the beginning of
1937, when Sugihara was appointed to be a member of the Japanese Embassy team in
Moscow; dramatic circumstance of the return of the ship with refugees by the
Japanese officials and obtainment of visas in Vladivostok in March-April of
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