“Letters and diaries of the Great Patriotic War” Войны”20 2013
June 20th, 2013
On June 20th, on the eve of the Day of Memory and Sorrow, the third edition of the unique documentary “Save my letters…” was presented at the Russian Holocaust Center. It was published within the series “Russian Holocaust Library”. Alexander Minkin, the author of the foreword and journalist at “Moskovski Komsomolets” (his grandfather’s letters, written on the pieces of elm, were also included in the collection), Alla Gerber, the president of the Russian Holocaust Center and member of the Public Chamber of the Russian Federation, the collectors – co-chairman of the Russian Holocaust Center Ilya Altman and the head of the Archive Leonid Terushkin, as well as Vadim Brodsky, and the director general of “Polimed”, which published the book, spoke at the presentation. The collection of letters and diaries continues. Next issue in the series that is being published with the help from the Russian Jewish Congress is scheduled for release on the 70th anniversary of Victory.
The Holocaust through the eyes of an Orthodox bishop13 2013
June 13th, 2013
The Round table, dedicated to remembrance of the Holocaust, took place yesterday at the RJC Memorial synagogue. The organizers were the Public Chamber commission on Interethnic Relations and Freedom of Conscience, the Serbian Embassy, along with the Russian Jewish Congress, the Russian Holocaust Center and Fund “Holocaust”. The RJC President Yury Kanner opened the meeting. The chairman of the Public Chamber commission on Interethnic Relations and Freedom of Conscience, Nikolai Svanidze, led the meeting.
Slobodan Terzic, the Serbian ambassador also attended the meeting. In his speech he noted that nowadays it is really important to deal with recently observed spirit of historical revisionism; nations should not forget such tragedies as genocide and the Holocaust. Slobodan Terzic expressed his support to the activities of the Russian Jewish Congress and the Russian Holocaust Center and Fund “Holocaust”, as well as his willingness to participate in the events, dedicated to the remembrance of the Holocaust.
The main hero of the meeting was Father Jovan Culibrk, Vicar Bishop of the Lipljan the Serbian Orthodox Church, a person with a very interesting life story. Father Jovan is a well-known public figure; he has been working on the establishment of the interfaith dialogue between the Serbian Orthodox Church and Judaism as well as between Jews and Serbians. Father Jovan studied theology at the Orthodox theological facilities, took an MA in Jewish Culture at Yad Vashem and Hebrew University in Jerusalem. He also received the Golda Meir Award, defended his thesis on the study of the Holocaust.
His book “Historiography of the Holocaust in Yugoslavia” deals with terrible massacre of Jews, Serbs, and Gypsies on the territory of Yugoslavia, concentration camps in Croatia, and about how not only the German Army, but also the local people destroyed the nations that lived nearby for centuries. Father Jovan’s work evoked great interest among Russian historians and public figures. Nikolai Svanidze expressed his concern that it is necessary for our country to invest into serious historical research projects on the tragedy of the Holocaust, such as Father Jovan’s historiography, because “the Holocaust was implemented on the Soviet territory in a horrible way and on a massive scale”. Unfortunately, today’s absence of such work is a very big problem. According to him, such scientific work “could have been a great interest for the Russian Orthodox Church, because the latter professes humanistic principles and reaches out to its audience, regardless of its ethnical affiliation”. All participants of the meeting supported the opinion that the Church should express a greater interest in this problem.
Co-chairman of the Russian Holocaust Center I. Altman expressed his hope that Father Jovan Culibrk’s work would be translated into Russian and become a part of publications of the Russian Holocaust Library.
Photo by N. Anisina
The board of directors of the Russian Holocaust Center and Fund “Holocaust” signed the Global Anti-Nazi Charter11 2013
June 11th, 2013
The President of the Fund “Holocaust”,
and co-chairperson of the Russian Holocaust Center A. Gerber along with
co-chairman of the Russian Holocaust Center I. Altman signed the Global
The Global Anti-Nazi Charter is an
international declaration of fundamental principles of the anti-Nazi
activities, based on common objectives and goals to combat racism, xenophobia,
radical nationalism, religious hatred and neo-Nazism.
The Global Anti-Nazi Charter calls
for humanity to establish the moral, political and legal barriers to the spread
of the ideology of hatred, which becomes a fertile ground for the growth of
neo-Nazi sentiments that, in turn, can escalate into physical acts of violence
to the point of the outbreak of local, regional and world wars.
The Global Anti-Nazi Charter is
directed to awake in people the sense of the common responsibility for peace
and prosperity in the present and the future. Its goal is the world without
Nazism, aggressive nationalism and hatred.
The Global Anti-Nazi Charter, while
being the general document of the International Human Rights Movement “World
without Nazism”, is designed for the wider dissemination to all people of good
will with the purpose to familiarize them with the problem. Charter gives
people a chance to speak up on their position regarding this issue and
contribute to the fight against the spread of radical nationalist and neo-Nazi
For more information: http://worldwithoutnazism.org/the-world-anti-nazi-charter/
Co-chairman of the Russian Holocaust Center participated in the ceremony of the remembrance of the Hungarian Jews05 2013
Ilya Altman spoke at the ceremony that took place at the War Memorial in the
Rudkino village. Here rest the remains of approximately 2000 Hungarian Jews
from so-called labor battalions. Co-chairman of the Russian Holocaust Center called
those people, whom the Hungarian soldiers deprived from weapons, forced to
starve and sent in order to the minefields, a peculiar “forfeit battalion deprived
of a right for rehabilitation”. He noted that amongst all the other
commemoratives at this memorial there is a Jewish symbol – menorah. However,
there are no such commemoratives and texts at any place of execution in the
Voronezh region. The representative delegation from Moscow took part in the
ceremony: Israeli ambassador to Russia Dorit Golender, chief Rabbi of Russia
A.S. Shaevich, Secretary-General of the Eurasian Jewish Congress M.A. Chlenov,
as well as the head of the Jewish community in Voronezh M.E. Segal. The
ceremony of the remembrance of the Hungarian Jews, who against their will
fought on Nazi Germany’s side, took place in Russia for the very first time.
This happened thanks to the efforts of the family of Ian Verkhaymer, who rests
at the memorial under Voronezh. After the War Verkhaymer’s family moved to
Israel, and only after 70 years his granddaughter Carney Gerstein found her
grandfather’s grave with the help of Israeli President Shimon Peres.
Riga. The second international conference “Museums and memorial sites of the Holocaust in post-communist countries: challenges and opportunities”31 2013
May 31st, 2013
The second international conference
“Museums and memorial sites of the Holocaust in post-communist countries:
challenges and opportunities” took place on May 27-28th, 2013 in Riga
at the Latvian Academy of Sciences. The organizer of the event was the Jewish
community “Shamir”; the Ministry of Culture of the Latvian Republic and Riga
City Council showed great support. This year participants of the conference
were scientists from Russia, Ukraine, Lithuania, Latvia, as well as
representatives of Israel, Poland and Hungary. Leonid Terushkin, Gregory Reikhman,
Dmitry Alekseev, Natalya Anisina, Tatyana Pasman, Daniil Tunin, Vadim Brodsky,
as well as Dr. Irina Rebrova (Russia), Alexandra Cherkasski (Germany) and Dr.
Aron Schneer (Israel), who collaborate with the Russian Holocaust Center,
presented their projects. During the conference Vadim Brodsky presented a new
edition by the Russian Holocaust Center – David Zilberman’s book “Like a star in the darkness”, dedicated to
the act of bravery by the Righteous of the world Janis (Jean Lipke). The
director Maris Kaylis presented the book to the new museum of Jean Lipke, with
whom the agreement to cooperate was reached.
On the picture: L. Terushkin, photo by G. Reikhman (Israel-Riga-Israel).
International Conference “The evidence of War: perspectives and cross-examination and trans-disciplinary” in Caen (France): Memorial and Center of the humanitarian research University.22 2013
May 22nd, 2013
May 21-22nd, 2013.
Continuing the two thematic days devoted to the study of personal documents (23rd
of October, 2012 and 26th of March, 2013), this international
conference presented the variety of methodological and disciplinary approaches
to the study of the issue: from
classical interdisciplinary to the principles of trans-disciplinary research.
The ground was set for a clash of opinions and constructive, mutually enriching
discussions between researches in different fields of acquiring knowledge, but also
general topic of documentary memorials and memories of the Second World War.
The head of the Archive at the Russian
Holocaust Center Leonid Terushkin spoke on the topic of “Letters and diaries of
Soviet Jewish soldiers during the Second World War: search, study, use”.
Evidence of the Holocaust in the USSR. International colloquium in Paris on May 16-17th, 2013.16 2013
May 16th, 2013
Employees of the Russian Holocaust
Center Leonid Terushkin and Kiril Feferman, along with other scientists from
France, Israel, USA, Great Britain, Ukraine and other countries, participated
in the international two-days colloquium “Evidence of the Holocaust in the USSR”
in Paris, Center Mahler on May 16th.
The head of the Archive Leonid Terushkin took part in the discussion
within the Round table “Overage and flaws of archives”; the topic of the head
of the scientific department Kiril Feferman was “Holocaust as the second Civil
War in Russia”. His presentation was a part of the following meeting “Plexus of
violence et difficulty of remembering”.
In the program of the colloquium it
says: “Literature of the evidence that was created in the USSR and for a long
time censored is very poorly studied in the post-soviet territories as well as
in the rest of the world. Unlike Western literature that reminds us of remote
extermination camps, these works tell us about the genocide that occurred in
close proximity - to the view and on hearing of countless witnesses. Could not
they testify, or just did not want to? Colloquium will give the opportunity to
hear the voices that in the Soviet Union, often in danger or desperation, were
raised against forgetting, and identify the reasons of their deafening silence.
To think about the status of the text, image, archive and the specialty of a
witness in the USSR. This switch to the East uses the literary paradigms of
testimony in a form that was implemented in Western literature of the XX
was supported by: Mémorial de
la Shoah, Fondation pour la Mémoire de
la Shoah, Archives Nationales, Centre franco-russe de recherches en
sciences humaines de Moscou, Université Paris 1, Université Paris 7,
Université Paris 10.
Seminar in Berlin 11 2013
May 11th, 2013
On May 5th Russian teachers gathered in Berlin. A seminar continued at the famous House of the Wannsee Conference. Deputy director of the Museum and the head of its educational programs Dr. Wolf Kaiser, one of Europe’s leading teachers on the Holocaust, read the lectures on the history of Jews in Germany, the establishment of the Nazi dictatorship, and conducted the seminar, dedicated to anti-Semitism and racism. Dr. Kristof Kroitzmuller convincingly demonstrated the use of images as sources for the history of the Holocaust. Ingrid Damerow and a volunteer of the House of the Wannsee Conference and a former employee of the Russian Holocaust Center Tatyana Manykina gave the tour around Museum.
In the evening of May 8th they watched a new exhibition (that opened on April 24th) about the Great Patriotic War and the Nazi occupation regime (including the chapter on Holocaust) at the Russian-German Museum in Karlshorst. At 10 pm, in the hall, where the document on the full and unconditional surrender of Nazi Germany was signed, the memorial ceremony was held with the participation of the Russian ambassador to Germany. On the Victory Day the participants laid flowers in Treptow Park at the monument depicting a Soviet soldier holding a girl in his arms, and in the evening the travelers visited the Reichstag building. The seminar ended with a visit to the memorial complex “Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp” and to the memorial at the Grunewald trains station, from where the trains left with deported Jews. The results of the seminar were summarized in a productive discussion with German colleagues
Moscow-Warsaw. Open video-seminar “Destruction of the European Jews during the uprising in the Warsaw ghetto in 1943 – Russian and Polish attitude” April 26th, 201326 2013
April 26th, 2013
On April 26th the open
seminar “Destruction of the European Jews during the uprising in the Warsaw
ghetto in 1943 – Russian and Polish attitude” took place at the University of
Warsaw. Moderator of the discussion,
former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Poland, Professor Adam Rotfeld took a
very deliberate analysis of the historiography on the subject and prospects of
cooperation between Russian and Polish scientists to study the history of the
Holocaust. Professor Andzej Zbykovsky, a participant of many conferences of the
Russian Holocaust Center, conducted the analysis of the major stages of the
uprising and its memorialization. Claimed as the keynote speaker co-chairman of
the Russian Holocaust Center Ilya Altman presented his project from Moscow
within the videoconference. He focused on the responses in the Soviet press on
the murder of the Polish Jews and the uprising in the Warsaw ghetto,
prohibition to publish thematic books in the USSR in the 1960s. Ilya Altman
also looked into the interpretation of the role of Poles in helping the rebels
and butchers in L. Mlechin’s new movie “Uprising-43”. The seminar was conducted
within the academic project of public discourse Russia-Poland.
The representative of the Russian Holocaust Center took part in the international conference in Warsaw dedicated to the 70th anniversary of the uprising in the Warsaw ghetto23 2013
April 23rd, 2013
On April 22-23rd in Warsaw
the international conference dedicated to the 70th anniversary of
the uprising in the Warsaw ghetto took place. The conference was organized by
leading Polish scientific institutions in the filed: Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute, the
Center for the Holocaust Studies at the Polish Academy of Sciences and
Institute of the Remembrance. The fact that the conference was conducted under
Polish president’s patronage attests to its importance.
Among the speakers were famous
historians such as Dan Michman (Yad Vashem and Bar-Ilan University), Michael
Marrus (University of Toronto) and Yan Grabovsky (University of Ottawa). Dr.
Kiril Feferman, who gave a lecture on “Soviet partisans’ attitude towards Jews
and the Holocaust”, represented the Russian Holocaust Center.
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