Adress: 115035, Russia, Moscow,
Sadovnicheskaya St. 52/45
The Russian Research and Educational Holocaust Center and the Holocaust Foundation
Phone/fax: (499) 995-21-82, (495) 953-33-62
Deutsch Русский


Jews with weapons against the Nazis during the Second World War

28 2012

28th May   
The Museum of Jewish military tradition, "The energy of courage" (city of Hadera, Israel) hosted the fourth International historical reading of the memoires of the  military historian FD Sverdlov, organized  by the museum and the Holocaust Center
In his opening remarks, the head of the museum  David Zel'venskii noted that the conference in memory of the scientist became a tradition for  discussing important issues of preserving the historical memory of World War II, the Holocaust and Jewish heroism.
Staging ad "Yad Vashem" Ilya Altman  reported on his findings in the archives, urging veterans and former prisoners  from ghettos and concentration camps to take part in publishing projects, in particular, in the  preparations of the next edition of the letters and documents, "Keep my letters ...". This was supported by  a moving speech  of the  head of the museum fund, Nadeshda Koryagina, who informed about new acquisitions, mentioning in particular the letters by one of the heroic defenders of  the Brest Fortress, the fallen Jewish soldier Meir Elkin, written on the eve of the Nazi invasion.
A volunteer of the museum, Julius Lyubotsky wo served during the war in the rear devoted his speech to Jewish soldiers  of the”Tashkent front," proving conclusively that the majority of evacuees and refugees from the Nazis, while in the Soviet rear and in particular, in Tashkent,  forged the victory by supplying weapons to the front.
Prof. Leonid Tsilevich, a war veteran who suffered under the blocade of Leningrad, urged veterans to make greater use of scientific and educational work with youth literature about the war, the Holocaust and heroism.   Prof. Aleksandr Buro, consultant of the museum turned the attention to new technologies as  the Internet and multimedia presentations, and their role in highlighting  this perspective , which are already applied in the online project  of the Holocaus tCenter  as stated by Ilja Altman.
The representative of the Moscow  Holocaust  Center  in Israel, G. Reikhmann stressed the need to preserve such  important materials  as print media, which reflects the processes related with the formation of a collective memory of veterans and transfer it to younger generations.
After the readings Ilya Altman had a long conversation with one of the liberators of Auschwitz  Moses Malkisom, into whose memory  were  burned the first few minutes after the arrival of Soviet soldiers and their reaction to the atrocities of the Nazis.

Conference: Focal points of historical memory in Russia and Germany

25 2012

25th May 2012
The co-chairman of the Center "Holocaust" Ilya Altman took part in the Russian-German scientific conference "Remembering dictatorship and war:  Focal points of the historical memory  in Russia and Germany after 1945" held at the Institute of Contemporary History (Munich) within the framework of the “Russian-German Year of Education, Research and Innovation”.  The conference, whose  first part was held in March in Moscow, was attended by renowned historians from both countries and from Austria and Switzerland. The Russian delegation was headed by the Director of the Institute of World History in the  Academy of Sciences, Alexander Chubarian. Prof. Altman’s lecture  on  "The historical memory of the Holocaust in Russia" opened the first plenary session of the conference.
The theme  Holocaust was also presented in the lecture of Dr. Arkady Tsfasman (Germany),  reporting about the memories  of  Jewish emigrees from the former Sovier Union who were children during  the national-socialist occupation.
The main focus of the conference was put on problems of individual and collective memory of the war, the politics of memory , movies and memorials for  the victims of the two dictatorships.
Particular attention raised the contributions by Elena Zubkova (Institute of Russian History , Russian Academy of Science) on the memoralization of war in the post war Soviet society: by Irina Shcherbakova (Memorial) on the memory of Stalinist terror and  by Alexander Vatlin (Lomonossov University) on  memoralization of the victims of the NKVD firing rangeButuvo (place of mass shooting in 1937 and  1938).
At the occasion of the conference  Ilya Altman negotiated  prospects for cooperation  with  his German colleagues (Dr. Juergen Zarusski and Professor Horst Mueller) ,and  also with the leading staff of the Institute of World History(Russian Academy of Science) who expressed their interest  in joint projects on research and teaching about the Holocaust in Russia.

Staff members of the Russian Holocaust center took part in an innovative project of Yad Vashem

22 2012

22th May 2012
The international research institute on Holocaust of Yad Vashem presents an innovative project thanks to which millions of Russian speaking Israeli and citizens of other states are able to obtain  new information about the Holocaust  of the Soviet Jews. In the framework of this project  a serial of 24 video lessons in Russian  has been prepared which can be found on YouTube and  on the homepage of Yad Vashem/
The Moscow Holocaust Center is represented by Prof Ilya Altman with a contribution on the “Black book”  and by Dr Kiril Feferman with “Muslims in the Soviet Union during the war and the Holocaust of the Soviet Jews” and |”Holocaust of the  Soviet Jews”

Pedagogical seminar in Kemerovo region

15 2012

15th May 2012
At 14th and 15th Holocaust Center and Fond  organized a seminar in the Kemerovo State University.The first day was dedicated  to a meeting with  about 70 teachers from the region led by Alla Gerber under the heading “   Holocaust remembrance and prevention”

German volunteers in Israel learn about problems of history and memoralization of the Holocaust on the territory of the USSR

14 2012

14th May
Ilya Altman delivered a lecture on “Holocaust on the territory of the USSR – history and memoralization” for volunteers from the German organization ASF (Action Reconciliation  Service for peace) working in different Israeli towns. He paid particular attention to the fate of the German Jews  having been deported to a ghetto on the Soviet territory and to common actions of remembrance with  German students in Russia
The lecture was  held in a historic building, "Bet Yehudah," which houses the Israeli office of ASF  and  where  for many years lived the family of a famous educator who revived the Hebrew language. More than 40 German students attended the  lecture with great interest putting many questions. Ilya Altman invited his listeners to make use  of the remembrance  of the  Holocaust survivors and to participate in international competitions on the subject.

Novosibirsk: Seminar “Remembrance of Holocaust – path to tolerance”

12 2012

12th May 2012
The seminar at the Institute of Higher Education  organized by the Holocaust Center Moscow was attended by  30 pedagogues teaching history, social  science, Russian language, and literature , students  and  representatives of the  organizations “Union of former  underage  prisoners of fascist concentration camps’.

A book, about the Holocaust in Latvia published in Russia raised public attention

05 2012

2nd May  2012
 Frida Michelson’s  memoires "I survived  Rumbula," published in the "Russian Library of the Holocaust" (2011), was reviewed in the journal of the Institute of  Latvian History of . As  David Zilberman  who forwarded the book in Latvian and translated it into  Russian for the  "Holocaust"  Centert stated:  the reprint of  Frida Michelson’s memoires  touched ( or offended?) )the Latvian society: the Latvian public is very sensitive.

Statement by Center and Fond “Holocaust”concerning the poll: “Is it necesseray to teach the Holocaust in Russian schools?- Opinions of the clergy”

04 2012

4th May  2012
  On 4th May  the results of a poll among the  Russian clergy about teaching the Holocaust in Russia, conducted by « / News from the Federation."  were published: see (Http://  It became clear that parts of  the Russian society are not ready to admit the obvious fact that the Holocaust is a constitutive element of the history of our country. In particular  on  the occupied Soviet territories, including  23 regions of Russia, almost half of all victims of the Holocaust perished.  It was not by chance that the date for the International Holocaust Remembrance Day, established by the UN General Assembly,  became the day of the  liberation of Auschwitz by the Red Army
It is deplorable how distortedly the first important steps of the Ministry of Education and Science were reported  performing the training of  pedagogues on this subject  in accordance with  Russia’s international obligations  In March 2012 t the mass media reported the introduction of training modules on Holocaust of 72 hours in the regional training institutes of further education. It was developed by our colleagues from the regions and has been tested at the Federal Academy for Further Education. 60 teachers have been trained in the framework of this program. At the same time it was reported that the subject Holocaust was included  into the standard State Exam. Apparently for political purposes  the public was informed  that the72h  course  will be given in high schools.
Unfortunately a number of respected mass media. fell for this provocation.  It is not by chance that the initiators of the poll did not address  our organization, conducting almost 20 years educational seminars and editing textbooks on the subject. We declare definitively that the subject Holocaust is present in many books on domestic and world history, it has been  included in the training  program of institutes for further education in more than 30 regions of our country During  the last 4 years with the support  of a Presidential  grant educational seminars on the topic were held in 24 cities from  Kaliningrad to Khabarovsk  and from Krasnodar to Tomsk. In the last competition for school and university students and teachers of Russia "Lessons of the Holocaust - the path to tolerance" 2,000 representatives of 68 republics, territories and regions of Russia took part In schools and colleges the history of the Holocaust is taught as an integral part in connection with many  topics  and  within the frameworks of many curriculums and more and more  also in extracurricular and research activities. Nobody insisted on a module from this  scale which was in mind of those criticizing the Ministry  of Education and Science. But the lack  of systematic knowledge also in the preparation of the general examen (EGE)  just leads to such a situation that young people  in a  live TV show  answer  on the question what is Holocaust to the  the amusement o the whole civilized world:” Holocaust  that is  a sort of glue”
It is repeated again and again  that  during  the war all  peoples of our country suffered. This is absolutely true. But Nazi ideology  built a clear hierarchy, determining  which  peoples had to be annihilated  totally or in parts.  Nazis assigned  the Jews to be the first  but not the last victims.
One might  not  love the Jews and Israel but is therefore right to apply ones prejudices on that what is recognized by  the whole civilized world. Is it reasonable to forget about the heroism of those who were shot only for the reason that they hide their Jewish neighbors ad friends Do you remember Aleksej Glagolev, Mother Mary,  dozens of priests who issued falsified  baptismal certificates. Just simple Christian believers, including the well known Japanese diplomat Chyiune Sugihara(.who converted to Christian faith) So  will we better understand the lessons of this war, and the core of Nazi ideology? Or will we continue to wonder why the swastika appears primarily on the  monuments to Holocaust victims and Jewish cemeteries?
It should be noted that the in the course of the poll  Russia's Catholics and Protestants were not involved. And yet  this  represents a central issue in the Churches attempts to  atone for the crimes of the Nazis and their accomplices: unfortunately  many of the executioners were devote Christians. That is why the Protestant organizations in Russia made a significant contribution  to the establishment of a memorial in Lubavitch last November
At the eve of the Victory Day it is appropriate to remember that this day only in our country and in Israel is celebrated on  9th May. The issue of the Holocaust  and the fact that  our army liberated dozens of ghettos. concentration and death camps remains nearly unknown to  our youth. Unfortunately there is no national memorial day of the victims of the Holocaust and the liberators for which we are striving already ten years. In particular the government and the society  should understand now that the universal lessons of the Holocaust have to be acknowledged in Russia.
The  theme of  Holocaust–is very difficult and painful. The debate about its place in the national memory was  led in almost all Eastern European states. As a result, Lithuania declared 2011 the Year of the Holocaust, the  27th January  became the  National Day of Remembrance in the Ukraine (despite of another  widely remembered date –the  Day of  Babij Yar). In Latvia they released postal stamps with  rescuers of Jews and  Righteous Among the Nations. In almost all countries the governments awarded people who saved Jews: unfortunately this is not the fact  in Russia.
The  topic  Holocaust does not divide the descendants of the victims, as some respondents of the poll try to prove . It helps to understand the words of our Russian national philosopher Mikhail Gefter, that "there is no genocide against one people - genocide is always directed against all."

International conference “Holocaust Lessons and Contemporary Russia”

29 2012

"International conference “Holocaust Lessons and Contemporary Russia”

August 12-14, 2012

The Seventh International conference “Holocaust Lessons and Contemporary Russia” will be held in Rostov-on-Don on August 12-14, 2012. The conference topic is “The regional history of the Holocaust in the Northern Caucasus and the fates of Jewish intelligentsia during the Second World War”.

It will commemorate the memory of the largest extermination of Russia’s Jews during the Holocaust and the murder of a world’s famous psychoanalyst Sabina Spielrein shot 70 years ago at Zmievskaya Balka. The conference will be the first scholarly forum to explore the fates of scientists during the Holocaust. It will focus on a unique region where the Jewish death toll was the heaviest and included thousands of refugees who came from all over occupied or threatened Soviet areas. 

Russian Holocaust Center,
Simon Wiesenthal Center (The European office),
Institute of Russian History of the Russian Academy of Sciences,
Southern Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences,
Southern Federal University,
Yad Vashem Project of Shoah Victims' Names.

With the support of
Russian Jewish Congress, “To Return Dignity” Project,
Task Force for International Cooperation on Holocaust Education, Remembrance, and Research,
Claims Conference,
“Dynasty” Foundation.
Invitations to participate in the event were sent to leading scholarly centers and researchers from Russia, Baltic states, Canada, CIS, France, Germany, Israel, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, UK, USA, and Switzerland.

Plenary meetings and sessions will focus on the following topics: 
- Sabina Spielrein: Life and scientific legacy;
- Sources and historiography on the Holocaust: regional aspect;
- Nazi occupation policy and the Holocaust in Russia’s South;
- Involvement of collaborators in persecuting local population and POWs; 
- Role and fate of scientific intelligentsia during the Second World War; 
- Historical memory of the Holocaust: regional aspect;
- Singularities of the rescue of Jews during the Holocaust in Russia’s South; 
- Educational aspects of teaching the regional history of the Holocaust.

The Conference proceedings will be published.

More details on the application process and the conference are available on the website of the Russian Holocaust Center.

Please direct your inquiries to the following email address:

 Application procedure
The submission of papers should be sent until 15th may to the coordinator of the conference Dr. Kiril Feferman  email address:
The application should include an abstract of the paper ( subject, main sources, literature 1800-2000  characters) and information about the professional background (position, academic degrees, institution) The organizers  will carry travel and accommodation expenses for participants from Russia and the CIS.
Applications will be informed until 1rst June about their participation  by the organizing committee. 
During the conference contributions will be restricted to 20 minutes in the plenary sessions and to 10 minutes in the sections.
The lecturers are kindly asked to send the complete text of their contribution until 12th October to the Organizing Committee. A publication of the conference papers is planned in 2013.

Alla Gerber “Germany succeeded in accepting shame and tragedy of the NS epoche"

29 2012

  29th April  2012
From 22nd to 28th  April  Alla Gerber  together with the coordinator  of the educational program of the Holocaust Center, Tatyana Manykina  followed the invitation of the Goethe Institute to Germany. In order to “gain a detailed  insight in how, why and in which these three cursed places  (Alla Gerber)
In Berlin Alla. Gerber and Tatyana Manykina met with Prof. Hanns-Fed Rathenow and Ingolf Seidel working for  the internet platform  “Learning from history”: they paid a visit  to the museum “ The Topography of Terror”  a historical site where the buildings of  the Secrete State Police (Gestapo) , the leaadership of the SS and the Security Main Office were located.  Later they met with Anneta Kahane, chairwoman of the Amadeo Antonio Foundation (Initiative for civil society and democratic culture)  at the Federal Agency of Political Education.
In Nuremberg, A. Gerber, and T. Manykina visited the famous documentary center of the NSDAP and  met with its director, Dr. Alexander Schmidt. The last point of the route was Munich, where  they met with the former president of the Central Council of Jews in Germany Charlotte Knobloch in the Jewish community center.

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