Jews with weapons against the Nazis during the Second World War28 2012
The Museum of Jewish military tradition, "The energy of courage" (city of Hadera, Israel) hosted the fourth International historical reading of the memoires of the military historian FD Sverdlov, organized by the museum and the Holocaust Center
In his opening remarks, the head of the museum David Zel'venskii noted that the conference in memory of the scientist became a tradition for discussing important issues of preserving the historical memory of World War II, the Holocaust and Jewish heroism.
Staging ad "Yad Vashem" Ilya Altman reported on his findings in the archives, urging veterans and former prisoners from ghettos and concentration camps to take part in publishing projects, in particular, in the preparations of the next edition of the letters and documents, "Keep my letters ...". This was supported by a moving speech of the head of the museum fund, Nadeshda Koryagina, who informed about new acquisitions, mentioning in particular the letters by one of the heroic defenders of the Brest Fortress, the fallen Jewish soldier Meir Elkin, written on the eve of the Nazi invasion.
A volunteer of the museum, Julius Lyubotsky wo served during the war in the rear devoted his speech to Jewish soldiers of the”Tashkent front," proving conclusively that the majority of evacuees and refugees from the Nazis, while in the Soviet rear and in particular, in Tashkent, forged the victory by supplying weapons to the front.
Prof. Leonid Tsilevich, a war veteran who suffered under the blocade of Leningrad, urged veterans to make greater use of scientific and educational work with youth literature about the war, the Holocaust and heroism. Prof. Aleksandr Buro, consultant of the museum turned the attention to new technologies as the Internet and multimedia presentations, and their role in highlighting this perspective , which are already applied in the online project of the Holocaus tCenter as stated by Ilja Altman.
The representative of the Moscow Holocaust Center in Israel, G. Reikhmann stressed the need to preserve such important materials as print media, which reflects the processes related with the formation of a collective memory of veterans and transfer it to younger generations.
After the readings Ilya Altman had a long conversation with one of the liberators of Auschwitz Moses Malkisom, into whose memory were burned the first few minutes after the arrival of Soviet soldiers and their reaction to the atrocities of the Nazis.
Conference: Focal points of historical memory in Russia and Germany25 2012
25th May 2012
The co-chairman of the Center "Holocaust" Ilya Altman took part in the Russian-German scientific conference "Remembering dictatorship and war: Focal points of the historical memory in Russia and Germany after 1945" held at the Institute of Contemporary History (Munich) within the framework of the “Russian-German Year of Education, Research and Innovation”. The conference, whose first part was held in March in Moscow, was attended by renowned historians from both countries and from Austria and Switzerland. The Russian delegation was headed by the Director of the Institute of World History in the Academy of Sciences, Alexander Chubarian. Prof. Altman’s lecture on "The historical memory of the Holocaust in Russia" opened the first plenary session of the conference.
The theme Holocaust was also presented in the lecture of Dr. Arkady Tsfasman (Germany), reporting about the memories of Jewish emigrees from the former Sovier Union who were children during the national-socialist occupation.
The main focus of the conference was put on problems of individual and collective memory of the war, the politics of memory , movies and memorials for the victims of the two dictatorships.
Particular attention raised the contributions by Elena Zubkova (Institute of Russian History , Russian Academy of Science) on the memoralization of war in the post war Soviet society: by Irina Shcherbakova (Memorial) on the memory of Stalinist terror and by Alexander Vatlin (Lomonossov University) on memoralization of the victims of the NKVD firing rangeButuvo (place of mass shooting in 1937 and 1938).
At the occasion of the conference Ilya Altman negotiated prospects for cooperation with his German colleagues (Dr. Juergen Zarusski and Professor Horst Mueller) ,and also with the leading staff of the Institute of World History(Russian Academy of Science) who expressed their interest in joint projects on research and teaching about the Holocaust in Russia.
Staff members of the Russian Holocaust center took part in an innovative project of Yad Vashem22 2012
22th May 2012
The international research institute on Holocaust of Yad Vashem presents an innovative project thanks to which millions of Russian speaking Israeli and citizens of other states are able to obtain new information about the Holocaust of the Soviet Jews. In the framework of this project a serial of 24 video lessons in Russian has been prepared which can be found on YouTube and on the homepage of Yad Vashem/
The Moscow Holocaust Center is represented by Prof Ilya Altman with a contribution on the “Black book” and by Dr Kiril Feferman with “Muslims in the Soviet Union during the war and the Holocaust of the Soviet Jews” and |”Holocaust of the Soviet Jews”
Pedagogical seminar in Kemerovo region15 2012
15th May 2012
At 14th and 15th Holocaust Center and Fond organized a seminar in the Kemerovo State University.The first day was dedicated to a meeting with about 70 teachers from the region led by Alla Gerber under the heading “ Holocaust remembrance and prevention”
German volunteers in Israel learn about problems of history and memoralization of the Holocaust on the territory of the USSR14 2012
Ilya Altman delivered a lecture on “Holocaust on the territory of the USSR – history and memoralization” for volunteers from the German organization ASF (Action Reconciliation Service for peace) working in different Israeli towns. He paid particular attention to the fate of the German Jews having been deported to a ghetto on the Soviet territory and to common actions of remembrance with German students in Russia
The lecture was held in a historic building, "Bet Yehudah," which houses the Israeli office of ASF and where for many years lived the family of a famous educator who revived the Hebrew language. More than 40 German students attended the lecture with great interest putting many questions. Ilya Altman invited his listeners to make use of the remembrance of the Holocaust survivors and to participate in international competitions on the subject.
Novosibirsk: Seminar “Remembrance of Holocaust – path to tolerance”12 2012
12th May 2012
The seminar at the Institute of Higher Education organized by the Holocaust Center Moscow was attended by 30 pedagogues teaching history, social science, Russian language, and literature , students and representatives of the organizations “Union of former underage prisoners of fascist concentration camps’.
A book, about the Holocaust in Latvia published in Russia raised public attention 05 2012
2nd May 2012
Frida Michelson’s memoires "I survived Rumbula," published in the "Russian Library of the Holocaust" (2011), was reviewed in the journal of the Institute of Latvian History of . As David Zilberman who forwarded the book in Latvian and translated it into Russian for the "Holocaust" Centert stated: the reprint of Frida Michelson’s memoires touched ( or offended?) )the Latvian society: the Latvian public is very sensitive.
Statement by Center and Fond “Holocaust”concerning the poll: “Is it necesseray to teach the Holocaust in Russian schools?- Opinions of the clergy”04 2012
4th May 2012
On 4th May the results of a poll among the Russian clergy about teaching the Holocaust in Russia, conducted by «Regions.ru / News from the Federation." were published: see (Http://www.regions.ru/news/2406292/) It became clear that parts of the Russian society are not ready to admit the obvious fact that the Holocaust is a constitutive element of the history of our country. In particular on the occupied Soviet territories, including 23 regions of Russia, almost half of all victims of the Holocaust perished. It was not by chance that the date for the International Holocaust Remembrance Day, established by the UN General Assembly, became the day of the liberation of Auschwitz by the Red Army
It is deplorable how distortedly the first important steps of the Ministry of Education and Science were reported performing the training of pedagogues on this subject in accordance with Russia’s international obligations In March 2012 t the mass media reported the introduction of training modules on Holocaust of 72 hours in the regional training institutes of further education. It was developed by our colleagues from the regions and has been tested at the Federal Academy for Further Education. 60 teachers have been trained in the framework of this program. At the same time it was reported that the subject Holocaust was included into the standard State Exam. Apparently for political purposes the public was informed that the72h course will be given in high schools.
Unfortunately a number of respected mass media. fell for this provocation. It is not by chance that the initiators of the poll did not address our organization, conducting almost 20 years educational seminars and editing textbooks on the subject. We declare definitively that the subject Holocaust is present in many books on domestic and world history, it has been included in the training program of institutes for further education in more than 30 regions of our country During the last 4 years with the support of a Presidential grant educational seminars on the topic were held in 24 cities from Kaliningrad to Khabarovsk and from Krasnodar to Tomsk. In the last competition for school and university students and teachers of Russia "Lessons of the Holocaust - the path to tolerance" 2,000 representatives of 68 republics, territories and regions of Russia took part In schools and colleges the history of the Holocaust is taught as an integral part in connection with many topics and within the frameworks of many curriculums and more and more also in extracurricular and research activities. Nobody insisted on a module from this scale which was in mind of those criticizing the Ministry of Education and Science. But the lack of systematic knowledge also in the preparation of the general examen (EGE) just leads to such a situation that young people in a live TV show answer on the question what is Holocaust to the the amusement o the whole civilized world:” Holocaust that is a sort of glue”
It is repeated again and again that during the war all peoples of our country suffered. This is absolutely true. But Nazi ideology built a clear hierarchy, determining which peoples had to be annihilated totally or in parts. Nazis assigned the Jews to be the first but not the last victims.
One might not love the Jews and Israel but is therefore right to apply ones prejudices on that what is recognized by the whole civilized world. Is it reasonable to forget about the heroism of those who were shot only for the reason that they hide their Jewish neighbors ad friends Do you remember Aleksej Glagolev, Mother Mary, dozens of priests who issued falsified baptismal certificates. Just simple Christian believers, including the well known Japanese diplomat Chyiune Sugihara(.who converted to Christian faith) So will we better understand the lessons of this war, and the core of Nazi ideology? Or will we continue to wonder why the swastika appears primarily on the monuments to Holocaust victims and Jewish cemeteries?
It should be noted that the in the course of the poll Russia's Catholics and Protestants were not involved. And yet this represents a central issue in the Churches attempts to atone for the crimes of the Nazis and their accomplices: unfortunately many of the executioners were devote Christians. That is why the Protestant organizations in Russia made a significant contribution to the establishment of a memorial in Lubavitch last November
At the eve of the Victory Day it is appropriate to remember that this day only in our country and in Israel is celebrated on 9th May. The issue of the Holocaust and the fact that our army liberated dozens of ghettos. concentration and death camps remains nearly unknown to our youth. Unfortunately there is no national memorial day of the victims of the Holocaust and the liberators for which we are striving already ten years. In particular the government and the society should understand now that the universal lessons of the Holocaust have to be acknowledged in Russia.
The theme of Holocaust–is very difficult and painful. The debate about its place in the national memory was led in almost all Eastern European states. As a result, Lithuania declared 2011 the Year of the Holocaust, the 27th January became the National Day of Remembrance in the Ukraine (despite of another widely remembered date –the Day of Babij Yar). In Latvia they released postal stamps with rescuers of Jews and Righteous Among the Nations. In almost all countries the governments awarded people who saved Jews: unfortunately this is not the fact in Russia.
The topic Holocaust does not divide the descendants of the victims, as some respondents of the poll try to prove . It helps to understand the words of our Russian national philosopher Mikhail Gefter, that "there is no genocide against one people - genocide is always directed against all."
International conference “Holocaust Lessons and Contemporary Russia”29 2012
"International conference “Holocaust Lessons and Contemporary Russia”
August 12-14, 2012
The Seventh International conference “Holocaust Lessons and Contemporary Russia” will be held in Rostov-on-Don on August 12-14, 2012. The conference topic is “The regional history of the Holocaust in the Northern Caucasus and the fates of Jewish intelligentsia during the Second World War”.
It will commemorate the memory of the largest extermination of Russia’s Jews during the Holocaust and the murder of a world’s famous psychoanalyst Sabina Spielrein shot 70 years ago at Zmievskaya Balka. The conference will be the first scholarly forum to explore the fates of scientists during the Holocaust. It will focus on a unique region where the Jewish death toll was the heaviest and included thousands of refugees who came from all over occupied or threatened Soviet areas.
Russian Holocaust Center,
Simon Wiesenthal Center (The European office),
Institute of Russian History of the Russian Academy of Sciences,
Southern Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences,
Southern Federal University,
Yad Vashem Project of Shoah Victims' Names.
With the support of
Russian Jewish Congress, “To Return Dignity” Project,
Task Force for International Cooperation on Holocaust Education, Remembrance, and Research,
Invitations to participate in the event were sent to leading scholarly centers and researchers from Russia, Baltic states, Canada, CIS, France, Germany, Israel, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, UK, USA, and Switzerland.
Plenary meetings and sessions will focus on the following topics:
- Sabina Spielrein: Life and scientific legacy;
- Sources and historiography on the Holocaust: regional aspect;
- Nazi occupation policy and the Holocaust in Russia’s South;
- Involvement of collaborators in persecuting local population and POWs;
- Role and fate of scientific intelligentsia during the Second World War;
- Historical memory of the Holocaust: regional aspect;
- Singularities of the rescue of Jews during the Holocaust in Russia’s South;
- Educational aspects of teaching the regional history of the Holocaust.
The Conference proceedings will be published.
More details on the application process and the conference are available on the website of the Russian Holocaust Center.
Please direct your inquiries to the following email address: email@example.com
The submission of papers should be sent until 15th may to the coordinator of the conference Dr. Kiril Feferman email address: firstname.lastname@example.org
The application should include an abstract of the paper ( subject, main sources, literature 1800-2000 characters) and information about the professional background (position, academic degrees, institution) The organizers will carry travel and accommodation expenses for participants from Russia and the CIS.
Applications will be informed until 1rst June about their participation by the organizing committee.
During the conference contributions will be restricted to 20 minutes in the plenary sessions and to 10 minutes in the sections.
The lecturers are kindly asked to send the complete text of their contribution until 12th October to the Organizing Committee. A publication of the conference papers is planned in 2013.
Alla Gerber “Germany succeeded in accepting shame and tragedy of the NS epoche"29 2012
29th April 2012
From 22nd to 28th April Alla Gerber together with the coordinator of the educational program of the Holocaust Center, Tatyana Manykina followed the invitation of the Goethe Institute to Germany. In order to “gain a detailed insight in how, why and in which these three cursed places (Alla Gerber)
In Berlin Alla. Gerber and Tatyana Manykina met with Prof. Hanns-Fed Rathenow and Ingolf Seidel working for the internet platform “Learning from history”: they paid a visit to the museum “ The Topography of Terror” a historical site where the buildings of the Secrete State Police (Gestapo) , the leaadership of the SS and the Security Main Office were located. Later they met with Anneta Kahane, chairwoman of the Amadeo Antonio Foundation (Initiative for civil society and democratic culture) at the Federal Agency of Political Education.
In Nuremberg, A. Gerber, and T. Manykina visited the famous documentary center of the NSDAP and met with its director, Dr. Alexander Schmidt. The last point of the route was Munich, where they met with the former president of the Central Council of Jews in Germany Charlotte Knobloch in the Jewish community center.
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