Round table: Oral history about repression and mass annihilation on the territory of the USSR13 2012
June 13, 2012
A round table took place dealing with the role of oral history about repression and mass annihilation in the USSR at the French-Russian Research Center in Moscow, featuring the subject of the Holocaust. It was presented by the head of the Archive of the Holocaust Center Leonid Terushkin in his lecture “Oral sources about the Holocaust during the Second World War.”
"White spots" of the Holocaust on the territory of the Soviet Union11 2012
Prof Ilya Altman, at the internship at the Yad Vashem International Institute for Holocaust Research, delivered a lecture on the problems of historiography and historical sources, particular those of memorialization of the Holocaust in contemporary Russia and aroused huge interest among the members of the Institute. Introducing the speaker, Prof. Dan Michman, head of the Institute paid homage to Altman’s work, in particular mentioning the Encyclopedia, "The Holocaust on the Territory the Soviet Union."
Altman dealt with the role of the Soviet authorities in the transit of Jewish refugees from Poland through the RSFSR to Japan presenting new information about the Japanese diplomat Chiune Sugihara, based on the newly discovered archival documents.
Then, Altman focused on the approaches and source basis from Russian and foreign historiography concerning the number of the ghetto and Holocaust victims on the territory of the Russian Federation. In particular, he addressed the significance of recently accessible documents of the Main Political Directorate of the Red Army, which collected and published information about the Nazi crimes. This was illustrated by the example of letters written by a Ternopol ghetto prisoner Salomon Oks, he wrote before his death. The letters were found by Soviet soldiers, published in a special edition and then sent to Tel Aviv.
The third aspect of the lecture involved the memorialization of the Holocaust in Russia, in particular, the history of erecting the monument to Holocaust victims in Kaliningrad and in Lubavitch, within the framework of “To Return dignity”, a common project by the Russian Jewish Congress and the Holocaust Center. The speaker emphasized the importance of cooperation not only with Jewish but also with Christians, mostly Protestant organizations in Russia.
"Methodological recommendations for the Holocaust memoralization in Russia"10 2012
June 10, 2012
We reported in February 2012 about the project “Baton of remembrance” within the framework of “To Return dignity" project: we are glad to inform you now that 2,500 names were collected until mid-April.
The Holocaust Center prepared and improved the methods for this project for educational institutions, veterans, public and charity organizations, Jewish and other ethnic communities in order to get further engaged in memoralization activities on behalf of the victims and heroes of the Holocaust and World War II.
Book Presentation on the Holocaust in Southern Russia05 2012
June 5, 2012
Prof. Ilya Altman and the representative of the Holocaust Center in Israel, Gregory Reikhman attended the ceremonies dedicated to the 70th anniversary of the annihilation of Jews in the Southern Russia. The ceremony took place in the Israeli city of Ashkelon.
During the event, held in the Cultural Center "Shapira", the second edition of the book “The tale of gifted life” was presented. It was written by the member of the Ashkelon branch of the society "Memory of the Holocaust" of the Immigrants’ Association "Survivors of concentration camps and ghettos”.
The attendants of the presentation, former inmates of ghettos and concentration camps, listened to excerpts of the books, told about the fate of the author's family living on the German-occupied territory.
The author described in detail how the family lived with a yellow armband in a Kuban Cossack village, how many sufferings his parents endured, digging graves on the outskirts of the village, as they expected every day to be led to execution. But on January 31, 1943, Soviet troops liberated the village, and this day was the family’s second birthday. In his story the author described the family life before the war, and his life as a Jewish boy after the war. The book was devoted to his granddaughter Yulia Elkina, who came to the presentation together with great grandchildren from Rostov.
Present, however invisibly, were Yakov Krug’s parents, who became victims of the Holocaust, immortalized on the prewar photos of the family, the only one still alive today was the author of the book.
No less striking and far more than just a piece of "material evidence" was the presentation of the “yellow star” from the Kuban Cossack village of Novo-Pashkovskaya, which will be 70 years this summer and which has been carefully kept as a relic in Yakov Krut’s family.
I. Altman expressed his confidence that this carefully written book will find its place not only in the Holocaust Center but attract interests of the students from the region, e.g. in connection with the annual solemn mourning ceremonies for the victims of the Holocaust on January 27.
Member of the Board of Trustees of the project of the Russian Jewish Congress "To Return Dignity", Professor Yury Dombrovski, sent a warm letter to Yakov Krut, expressing his gratitude for his ruthless efforts to preserve the historical memory of the Holocaust in Southern Russia.
International conference in memory of Raoul Wallenberg28 2012
The head of the archives of the Russian Holocaust Center, L. Terushkin attended the international conference "Raoul Wallenberg - a humanist of the XX century", marking the centenary of his birth, held at the Institute of Universal History of the Russian Academy of Science. Besides lecturing on the fate of Wallenberg and his fellow diplomats who saved Jews, Terushkin informed about the efforts of the Center "Holocaust" to identify the saviors of Jews in Russia during the Second World War and the memoralization of the saviors’ deeds. In particular, he cited the recent example of detection of the rescuers of Jews by Russian teachers and students in the Pskov region, where the work of a schoolstudent, M. Vasilyeva led to the award of the title of Righteous among the Nations to E. Ivanova and E. Efimov.
L. Terushkin acquainted participants with publications devoted to problems of Righteous among the Nations in the "Russian Library of the Holocaust," published by the Center Holocaust
Jews with weapons against the Nazis during the Second World War28 2012
The Museum of Jewish military tradition, "The energy of courage" (city of Hadera, Israel) hosted the fourth International historical reading of the memoires of the military historian FD Sverdlov, organized by the museum and the Holocaust Center
In his opening remarks, the head of the museum David Zel'venskii noted that the conference in memory of the scientist became a tradition for discussing important issues of preserving the historical memory of World War II, the Holocaust and Jewish heroism.
Staging ad "Yad Vashem" Ilya Altman reported on his findings in the archives, urging veterans and former prisoners from ghettos and concentration camps to take part in publishing projects, in particular, in the preparations of the next edition of the letters and documents, "Keep my letters ...". This was supported by a moving speech of the head of the museum fund, Nadeshda Koryagina, who informed about new acquisitions, mentioning in particular the letters by one of the heroic defenders of the Brest Fortress, the fallen Jewish soldier Meir Elkin, written on the eve of the Nazi invasion.
A volunteer of the museum, Julius Lyubotsky wo served during the war in the rear devoted his speech to Jewish soldiers of the”Tashkent front," proving conclusively that the majority of evacuees and refugees from the Nazis, while in the Soviet rear and in particular, in Tashkent, forged the victory by supplying weapons to the front.
Prof. Leonid Tsilevich, a war veteran who suffered under the blocade of Leningrad, urged veterans to make greater use of scientific and educational work with youth literature about the war, the Holocaust and heroism. Prof. Aleksandr Buro, consultant of the museum turned the attention to new technologies as the Internet and multimedia presentations, and their role in highlighting this perspective , which are already applied in the online project of the Holocaus tCenter as stated by Ilja Altman.
The representative of the Moscow Holocaust Center in Israel, G. Reikhmann stressed the need to preserve such important materials as print media, which reflects the processes related with the formation of a collective memory of veterans and transfer it to younger generations.
After the readings Ilya Altman had a long conversation with one of the liberators of Auschwitz Moses Malkisom, into whose memory were burned the first few minutes after the arrival of Soviet soldiers and their reaction to the atrocities of the Nazis.
Conference: Focal points of historical memory in Russia and Germany25 2012
25th May 2012
The co-chairman of the Center "Holocaust" Ilya Altman took part in the Russian-German scientific conference "Remembering dictatorship and war: Focal points of the historical memory in Russia and Germany after 1945" held at the Institute of Contemporary History (Munich) within the framework of the “Russian-German Year of Education, Research and Innovation”. The conference, whose first part was held in March in Moscow, was attended by renowned historians from both countries and from Austria and Switzerland. The Russian delegation was headed by the Director of the Institute of World History in the Academy of Sciences, Alexander Chubarian. Prof. Altman’s lecture on "The historical memory of the Holocaust in Russia" opened the first plenary session of the conference.
The theme Holocaust was also presented in the lecture of Dr. Arkady Tsfasman (Germany), reporting about the memories of Jewish emigrees from the former Sovier Union who were children during the national-socialist occupation.
The main focus of the conference was put on problems of individual and collective memory of the war, the politics of memory , movies and memorials for the victims of the two dictatorships.
Particular attention raised the contributions by Elena Zubkova (Institute of Russian History , Russian Academy of Science) on the memoralization of war in the post war Soviet society: by Irina Shcherbakova (Memorial) on the memory of Stalinist terror and by Alexander Vatlin (Lomonossov University) on memoralization of the victims of the NKVD firing rangeButuvo (place of mass shooting in 1937 and 1938).
At the occasion of the conference Ilya Altman negotiated prospects for cooperation with his German colleagues (Dr. Juergen Zarusski and Professor Horst Mueller) ,and also with the leading staff of the Institute of World History(Russian Academy of Science) who expressed their interest in joint projects on research and teaching about the Holocaust in Russia.
Staff members of the Russian Holocaust center took part in an innovative project of Yad Vashem22 2012
22th May 2012
The international research institute on Holocaust of Yad Vashem presents an innovative project thanks to which millions of Russian speaking Israeli and citizens of other states are able to obtain new information about the Holocaust of the Soviet Jews. In the framework of this project a serial of 24 video lessons in Russian has been prepared which can be found on YouTube and on the homepage of Yad Vashem/
The Moscow Holocaust Center is represented by Prof Ilya Altman with a contribution on the “Black book” and by Dr Kiril Feferman with “Muslims in the Soviet Union during the war and the Holocaust of the Soviet Jews” and |”Holocaust of the Soviet Jews”
Pedagogical seminar in Kemerovo region15 2012
15th May 2012
At 14th and 15th Holocaust Center and Fond organized a seminar in the Kemerovo State University.The first day was dedicated to a meeting with about 70 teachers from the region led by Alla Gerber under the heading “ Holocaust remembrance and prevention”
German volunteers in Israel learn about problems of history and memoralization of the Holocaust on the territory of the USSR14 2012
Ilya Altman delivered a lecture on “Holocaust on the territory of the USSR – history and memoralization” for volunteers from the German organization ASF (Action Reconciliation Service for peace) working in different Israeli towns. He paid particular attention to the fate of the German Jews having been deported to a ghetto on the Soviet territory and to common actions of remembrance with German students in Russia
The lecture was held in a historic building, "Bet Yehudah," which houses the Israeli office of ASF and where for many years lived the family of a famous educator who revived the Hebrew language. More than 40 German students attended the lecture with great interest putting many questions. Ilya Altman invited his listeners to make use of the remembrance of the Holocaust survivors and to participate in international competitions on the subject.
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